Marketing Managers: Improve Customer Loyalty Through Digitalization

A credit card company promises travel perks. With a penchant for exploring new places, you choose that card, eager to reap the rewards—only to find that the promos and points given are for destinations you’ve either already visited or don’t plan on visiting at all.

Your local grocery chain launches a loyalty program and you collect points with every purchase. However, the program offers little transparency as to all its rules, mechanics, and restrictions. And when you try to redeem the points, you find that they translate into just a few dollars. Worse, you can use them only for certain brands—brands with products that you’ve never purchased before and don’t plan to start buying now.

These are examples of loyalty programs that have failed to gain insights into the customer base. As a result, they don’t encourage members to keep adding points or to renew their program membership. The main missing link here is knowledge of consumer preferences, and designing the program to meet those needs and desires.

Research, in fact, shows that consumers today are not getting more loyal, despite the proliferation of rewards and loyalty programs. An analysis by Sogeti showed that almost 90 percent of social media sentiment on loyalty programs was negative. Meanwhile, a survey by Accenture revealed that 77 percent of consumers in the US were retracting their loyalty from a brand at a faster pace.

The same trend can be seen in other regions. According to Mastercard, Asia-Pacific consumers have, on average, 7.6 loyalty programs in their wallets—but these programs are not truly influencing consumer behavior. Mastercard found that the net promoter score for the loyalty programs across the Asia-Pacific countries it studied was -5. (A net promoter score is a measure of customer experience, calculated by subtracting the total percentage of Detractors from the total percentage of Promoters.)

In short, loyalty programs are failing to engage customers and there are a few reasons for this.

One is a lack of personalization, or tailoring the program to individual members’ preferences, buying habits, lifestyles, and needs. Another, according to Sogeti, is the “lack of a seamless multi-channel experience”—the failure to consider multiple online and offline consumer touchpoints. Customer service issues, including long call wait times, also plague loyalty programs.

Mastercard’s study also showed that loyalty programs that failed to satisfy customers typically lacked “simplicity, transparency, accessibility and relevance of program delivery”. In fact, these factors were considered more important than the range of rewards and benefits offered. Preference for the nature of rewards—such as discounts, cashback, and complimentary products—differed per country, indicating the need for international companies to tailor their programs to specific markets.

How Global Companies Are Driving Customer Loyalty Through Digitalization

Digitalization can fill in the cracks of loyalty programs. Through digitalization, marketing managers can improve the ease of access and use, transparency, and relevance of their loyalty programs. They can implement personalization and multi-channel strategies.

When we talk about digitalization, we’re referring to “the process of changing from analog to digital format”. In other words, it’s not merely about having a website or an app. It’s about seamlessly integrating digital touchpoints into different aspects of your loyalty program in order to improve members’ experience and influence their behavior.

One company that has adopted digitalization is Walgreens, one of the largest pharmacy store chains in the USA. The company sells products related to health, fitness, and nutrition.

Walgreens rolled out its Balance Rewards for healthy choices program to encourage members to live a healthier lifestyle. By tracking healthy behavior, such as a daily run, members can earn rewards points and discounts on Walgreens purchases.


walgreens rewards digitalization

Screenshot from Walgreens’ Balance Rewards landing page

Members can link the Balance Rewards app to their health devices, such as a fitness watch or a blood pressure monitor. They earn points for simply using the devices to track their activities and physical status. This also allows Walgreens to recommend relevant products and activities, encouraging purchases and reminding customers to use the devices they bought.

The Balance Rewards program also gives members points for setting a goal for quitting smoking and tobacco. When a member activates this feature, the app also recommends its own consultation services for people looking to quit smoking, as well as online drug prescriptions that help them achieve their goal.

Walgreen’s program incorporates various consumer touchpoints. Members are reminded of the program not only when they make a purchase or need medicine. Even offline, when pursuing healthy activities and goals, they can be connected to the loyalty program through their health and fitness devices.

The app’s integration with devices, the pharmacy’s online store, and other services like booking a consultation allow members to earn and use points with ease. By allowing members to add their daily activity logs and health goals, the app can recommend relevant products and services.

In China, athletic brand Nike also implemented an online-to-offline strategy to fully localize its Nike+ membership program. First, it chose a widely used platform—WeChat, which has around one billion monthly users in the country. WeChat allows companies to create Mini programs as “sub-applications” within the main app’s ecosystem.


nike digital personalization

Image source

Nike uses its Unlock program on WeChat to deliver exclusive content, offers, and product access to members. The company also opened its House of Innovation in Shanghai, an online-to-offline store that features not just products, but also sports experts who provide advice on workout routines, choosing the right pair of athletic shoes, and customizing the design of a pair of sneakers.

Nike+ members can book these services through the Mini program. In the store, shoppers can scan QR codes to launch the Nike Mini program on their phones, redeem their membership program points, and make a purchase.

Nike designed its program in China this way because of data gathered through constant discussion with its members and feedback on the app. This feedback gave Nike the insight that its members in the country preferred higher quality and good user experience over more features on the app.

How To Improve Loyalty Programs With Digitalization

Marketing managers can use digitalization to reinvent and rejuvenate loyalty programs, and help drive membership participation and engagement.

Drive Relevance Through Personalization

By enabling the collection and analysis of user preference data, digitalization can help marketing managers personalize loyalty programs. For example, if consumers log into an app or landing page via a social media account, then scan a QR code on a product using the app or page, opt-in data from their social media profiles can be extracted and be used to personalize promotions, ads, and loyalty programs.

Such personalization may be done on a market level, such as Nike’s design of its Nike+ program in China, or on an individual level, such as Walgreen’s product recommendations.

By enabling personalization, digitalization makes loyalty programs relevant to each member. As the Mastercard study showed, relevance is one of the major factors that influence members’ satisfaction with loyalty programs.

Leverage Multiple Customer Touchpoints

A digitalized loyalty program is situated within online and offline customer experiences. A morning jog (offline) can be recorded on a loyalty app (online) through an Internet of Things device, such as an activity tracking watch. Scanning the QR code on a product or product package can activate a membership app, from where the customer can make a purchase using rewards points, or apply customization features to the product.

Improve Simplicity And Accessibility

Marketing managers can use digitalization to reduce or eliminate manual processes, such as signing up for a program, verifying one’s identity, bringing a loyalty card to a store, and signing a receipt as proof that you have purchased a product and earned points.

Digitalization even makes online processes faster, such as launching an app automatically upon scanning a QR code, instead of having to type in a website URL, enter log-in details, and search for a product on an online catalog.

Digitalization can also make payments a breeze. For example, cosmetics retailer Sephora’s Beauty Insider mobile app is integrated with the Apple Passbook mobile wallet, allowing users to make and track their purchases and redeem rewards with a few clicks. Customers who used the Passbook on Sephora’s app were shown to purchase twice as much as those that didn’t use the Passbook.

Improve Transparency Through Real-time Tracking

Points can be updated in real time, even when based on an offline event, such as quitting smoking (in the case of Walgreens’ program) or visiting a store. Members can track events and items like:

  • Points/rewards earned per purchase
  • Rewards earned for different activities, such as for visiting a store or attending an event sponsored by the brand
  • Possible rewards and the actions that members need to take in order to earn them
  • Points/rewards redeemed for each activity and purchase, along with details of the event or transaction
  • Customer’s usage history of the app or program
  • Customer data used by the program

Increase Customer Engagement

Digitalized loyalty programs enable engagement-based rewards, instead of simply those based on transactions such as purchases. For example, location-based analytics can tell a loyalty app when you’ve visited one of the company’s stores—and reward you just for being there. The North Face, an outdoor recreation brand, rewards its VIPeak members for joining official events, such as endurance challenges and speaker series.

Other engagement activities include taking surveys, recommending the program to a friend, sharing a coupon code, reviewing products, rating the customer service in stores, and participating in a social media campaign. Members can also be rewarded for continued use of products or for customer advocacy, such as sharing the products on social media.

Looking Beyond Purchases And Points

Attracting new customers can be five to 25 times as expensive as retaining existing ones. To retain customers and keep them engaged in a company’s products and services, marketing managers must look beyond purchases and points when designing loyalty programs. To be effective, a loyalty program today needs to consider changing consumer lifestyles.

Consumers are often connected to the internet through their mobile phones and IoT devices. They are faced with an ever-increasing range of choices, both in brick-and-mortar outlets and on e-commerce stores. Physical and digital advertisements compete for their attention. They can access a myriad of content with a few clicks. They expect information to be easily available online and for processes, such as program sign-ups, status updates, and payments, to be done seamlessly.

To tie in these experiences and meet these expectations, loyalty programs need to be fully digitalized. They need to connect offline and online channels, and leverage data to analyze members’ preferences and personalize their programs accordingly. By implementing a digitalized strategy, companies and marketing managers can increase their chances of driving consumer engagement and maintaining membership loyalty.


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Topics: Consumer Engagement, Product Digitization

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